Violence Risk Assessment of Written Word

The Violence Risk Assessment of the Written Word (VRAW2) is a researched based expert system tool useful for assessing written narratives to better understand their potential for threat. The tool should be used in conjunction with further training and study. A starting place for this would be reading the articles and documents listed below or contacting the author Brian Van Brunt, at the bottom of the page.
View the VRAW Document
View the VRAW Article

  • FACTOR A: Fixation and Focus
  • Sub-factor A.1 Naming of Target
  • Sub-factor A.2 Repetition of the Target
  • Sub-factor A.3 Objectification of Target
  • Sub-factor A.4 Emphasis of Target
  • Sub-factor A.5 Graphic Language
  • FACTOR B: Hierarchical Thematic Content
  • Sub-factor B.1 Disempowering Language
  • Sub-factor B.2 Glorified Avenger
  • Sub-factor B.3 Reality Crossover
  • Sub-factor B.4 Militatistic Language
  • Sub-factor B.5 Paranoid Content
  • FACTOR C: Action and Time Imperative
  • Sub-factor C.1 Location of the Attack
  • Sub-factor C.2 Time of Attack
  • Sub-factor C.3 Weapons and Materials to be Used
  • Sub-factor C.4 Overcoming Obstacles
  • Sub-factor C.5 Conditional Ultimatum
  • FACTOR D: Pre-Attack Planning
  • Sub-factor D.1 Discussion and Acquisition of Weapons
  • Sub-factor D.2 Evidence of Researching of Stalking the Target
  • Sub-factor D.3 Details Concerning Target
  • Sub-factor D.4 Fantasy Rehearsal for Attack
  • Sub-factor D.5 Costuming Description
  • FACTOR E: Injustice Collecting
  • Sub-factor E.1 Perseverating on Past Wrongs
  • Sub-factor E.2 Unrequited Romantic Entanglements
  • Sub-factor E.3 Desperation, Hopelessness, Suicide Ideation/Attempt
  • Sub-factor E.4 Amplification/Narrowing
  • Sub-factor E.5 Threats to Create Justice

Factors Endorsed

0 Factors Endorsed





For more information please contact Brian Van Brunt at

Note: Dangerousness and violence, from a student , faculty, or staff member is difficult, if not impossible, to accurately predict. This training topic offers research-based techniques and theories to provide a foundational understanding and improved awareness of the potential risk. The training or tool should not be seen as a guarantee or offer any assurance that violence will be prevented.